But if a person p who does A at t has the ability to do other than A at t, then it follows that p has the ability to bring it about that an omniscient God has a false belief - and this is clearly impossible.
The ontological argument, then, is unique among such arguments in that it purports to establish the real as opposed to abstract existence of some entity. Thus, maximal greatness entails existence in every possible world: Moreover, one can plausibly argue that necessary existence is a great-making property.
Maimonides believed that this argument gives us a ground to believe that God is, not an idea of what God is. For example, Ibn Rushd, a 12th-century Islamic scholar, philosopher, and physician, states there are only two arguments worthy of adherence, both of which are found in what he calls the "Precious Book" The Qur'an.
One might say, with some intelligibility, that it would be better for oneself or for mankind if God exists than if He does not-but that is a different matter. This definition of God creates the philosophical problem that a universe with God and one without God are the same, other than the words used to describe it.
Traditional sense perception based approaches were put into question as possibly misleading due to preconceived or superimposed ideas. This question is not answered in the ontological argument and so the proof of Gods existence is undermined.
We simply accept the fact we live in a world where gravity is a reality. He is only defined in negative terms. This being true, no atheist can explain how an impersonal, purposeless, meaningless, and amoral universe accidentally created beings us who are full of personality and obsessed with purpose, meaning, and morals.
Logical positivists such as Rudolf Carnap and A. The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche bluntly said that faith equates to not wanting to know what is true.
So the possibility of reality being an illusion is eliminated. One thirsts, and there exists water to quench this thirst; One hungers, and there exists food to satisfy this hunger.
After reflecting on the To say that x instantiates a property P is hence to presuppose that x exists. Despite extensive writing on the nature of God, these classical theists did not believe that God could be defined. Only cognitive being can produce cognitive being. Rather, he used the description of the earth and the universe to prove the existence of God.
The Christian theist therefore must simply choose to start with Christianity rather than anything else, by a " leap of faith ".
If everything in the universe, which includes all the planets and the stars, is finite, then there has to be an infinite power to push forth the motion of everything in the universe.
If this is correct, then all versions of the ontological argument fail. Kant also has arguments that weaken the ontological argument. But this version of the argument, unlike the first, does not rely on the claim that existence is a perfection; instead it relies on the claim that necessary existence is a perfection.2.
History of Moral Arguments for God’s Existence.
Something that resembles a moral argument for God’s existence, or at least an argument from value, can be found in the fourth of Thomas Aquinas’s “Five Ways” (Aquinas –, I, 1, 3).
Arguments Against the Existence of God (Overview) The argument for the existence of God is then a logical fallacy with or without the use of special pleading. The Ultimate gambit states that God does not provide an origin of complexity, it simply assumes that complexity always existed.
Similar to the subjective arguments for the. In the first part of his Summa Theologica, Thomas Aquinas developed his five arguments for God’s existence.
These arguments are grounded in an Aristotelian ontology and make use of the infinite regression argument. Aquinas did not intend to fully prove the existence of God as he is orthodoxly conceived (with all of his traditional attributes).
Is God Real? Evidence from the Laws of Logic. jwallace March 19, Is God real? The existence of the Laws of Logic may provide us with an answer.
In fact, any reasonable or logical argument against the existence of these laws requires their existence. What Is the Best Argument for the Existence of God?
by Dr. Jason Lisle on September 9, Share: Laws of logic owe their existence to the biblical God. Yet they are required to reason rationally, to prove things. So the biblical God must exist in order for reasoning to be possible. But that doesn’t mean the argument is cogent.
Proving God Exists - There Can Only Be Types of Existing Realities a. Conditioned Reality: Any reality (human, plant, animal, wood, etc.) that depends on something else for its existence.Download